The rules on Gas Balancing in Transmission Systems shall facilitate cross-border gas trade and the further development of competitive and efficient gas wholesale markets in Europe, on a non-discriminatory and transparent basis. Gas balancing rules are of particular importance for new market entrants and these rules are based on a number of principles and measures, such as:
Based on the Agency’s Framework Guidelines on Gas Balancing in Transmission Systems of October 2011, ENTSOG developed a draft Network Code in close cooperation with the Agency and with the extensive involvement of stakeholders.
The Agency evaluated the draft, which ENTSOG published for consultation on 13 April 2012, and gave its preliminary views on the network code to ENTSOG on 14 June 2012. In its letter of 2 October 2012 to ENTSOG, the Agency highlighted ten issues, where the amended draft remained incompliant with the objectives of the Gas Regulation and the Framework Guidelines.
On 26 October 2012, ENTSOG officially submitted to the Agency and to the Commission the Network Code on Gas Balancing of Transmission Networks. The Agency provided its Reasoned Opinion on 25 January 2013 and in it the Agency acknowledged the high degree of compliance of the network code with the Framework Guidelines. However, particular measures regarding (re)nominations, principles of neutrality and several other issues required further adjustments to the network code. ENTSOG officially submitted an amended Network Code on Gas Balancing to the Agency on 21 February 2013.
On 25 March 2013, the Agency issued its Recommendation to the Commission to adopt the revised Network Code, as
the code close compliance with the Framework Guidelines;
ENTSOG coherently described and justified its amendment choices in an explanatory document.
The formal Comitology procedure comprised meetings of the ‘Gas Committee’ on 11 July and 1 October 2013 and finished with a positive vote by the Member States on the BAL Network Code on 2 October 2013.
Network Code was published in Commission Regulation (EU) No 312/2014 of 26 March 2014.
The BAL Network Code shall be implemented by the 1 October 2015, to the extent transitory or interim measures do not apply.
ACER and ENTSOG have started a joint follow up on the early implementation of the Balancing Network Code. A first joint
report was published in October 2014 and its main findings were presented during the 26th meeting of the Madrid Forum. The second joint report was published on 9 November 2015 and presented in a workshop in Budapest.
On 7 November 2016 the Agency published its first
Technical Annexes) on the implementation of the Balancing Network Code. The Report describes the status of the implementation and application of the Network Code across the EU Member States.
On 16 November 2017 the Agency published its second Report (in
Volume I and
Volume II) on the implementation of the Balancing Network Code, which sheds light on the different features of balancing design. This Report introduces a quantitative tool, the
Balancing Analytical Framework, measuring regime performance in seven balancing zones and offering a framework for balancing regime comparison.
On 6 August 2018, the Agency published its Third Report on the implementation of the Balancing Network Code, which analysed the effective functioning of balancing regimes in five additional gas balancing zones.
On 8 April 2020, the Agency
published its report on enabling short-term gas
markets after interim balancing measures (Fourth ACER Report on the implementation of the Balancing Network Code). It analyses whether interim measures in the gas balancing zones have ended and presents the balancing design of fifteen zones. The legal deadline to terminate interim measures expired on 16 April 2019.
Also in 2020, and following discussions with TSOs, NRAs and Market Area Managers (MAMs), which are entities responsible to keep the transmission system in balance in some EU Member States, ACER and ENTSOG have elaborated a set of joint recommendations to mitigate potential misconduct in EU gas balancing markets.
The recommendations aim at improving national frameworks through the sharing of good practices amongst TSOs, MAMs and NRAs and increasing cross-border collaboration and sharing of information through legislative amendments.
Second ACER Report on the implementation of the Balancing Network Code – 16 November 2017 (Volume I and
ACER Report on the implementation of the Balancing Network Code – 7 November 2016 (Technical Annexes)
Second ACER-ENTSOG Report on the status of the implementation of the Balancing Network Code – 9 November 2015
ACER-ENTSOG Report on the early implementation of the Balancing Network Code (BAL NC) - October 2014
COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 312/2014 of 26 March 2014 establishing a Network Code on Gas Balancing of Transmission Networks
ACER’s Recommendation on the network code
ACER’s Reasoned Opinion on the network code
Network Code on Gas Balancing of Transmission Systems and related ENTSOG documentation
ACER Public Consultation on the Framework Guideline
Framework Guidelines on Gas Balancing in Transmission Systems