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Following an agreement of the Member States of the Baltic Sea Region, in October 2008 the President of the European Commission – José Manuel Barroso decided to set up a High Level Group (HLG) on Baltic interconnections to be chaired by the European Commission (the Commission). Participating countries of the HLG are: Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Finland, and Sweden. Norway participates in the HLG as an observer.
In June 2009 the HLG delivered the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan (BEMIP Action Plan), which constitutes a comprehensive action plan on energy interconnections and market improvement in the Baltic Sea Region and which provides a set of concrete measures to be taken to achieve the objectives defined in the BEMIP Action Plan. Following the BEMIP reform launched by the European Commission, the new Memorandum of Understanding for BEMIP under the Latvian EU Presidency was signed in June 2015 and new BEMIP Action Plan has been prepared.
On December 5, 2014, the Prime Ministers of the Baltic States in Tallinn jointly agreed that it is of crucial importance to ensure the implementation of the EU Third energy package together with clear, transparent and competitive rules for third party access to the gas system throughout the Baltic States. The Prime Ministers of the Baltic States also encouraged stakeholders to work closely together with regard to the development of a functioning regional gas market and initiated the establishment of the Regional Gas Market Coordination Group (hereinafter – RGMCG).
The RGMCG was established by the Agreement signed by the Ministers for Energy of Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia on 14 January 2015 by which Finland has been invited to contribute to the creation of the regional market. The RGMCG consists of the Lithuanian, Latvian, Estonian and Finnish Ministries, NRAs, TSOs, LNG terminal and storage system operators. The main task is to develop and implement an Action Plan on regional gas market development that has been signed on 9th December 2016. 
The general objectives of the Regional Gas Market Coordination Group are
  • to facilitate the opening of the national gas markets; 
  • to prepare an Action Plan on regional gas market development; 
  • to facilitate an effectively functioning common regional gas market in the Baltic States; 
  • to develop measures in order to interconnect the Baltic States’ regional gas market and the Finnish gas market; 
  • to contribute to the security of gas supply in the East-Baltic region using market measures. 

More information on the activities of the regional gas coordination group in the Baltics and Finland can be found here:​

Since 2017 Regional Gas Market Coordination Group region is also an informal part of the GRI.